Egypt’s deposed president Mohammed Mursi and 132 others, including alleged members of Hamas and Hezbollah, will stand trial for a prison break and the murder of officers during the 2011 uprising, the prosecution said on Saturday.
Almost 70 of the defendants are reported to be members of Hamas and Hezbollah, the Palestinian and Lebanese resistance factions groups, who will be tried in absentia.
The prosecutors claim Mursi’s Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Hezbollah and jihadist militants attacked prisons and police stations during the first few days of the revolt against dictator Hosni Mubarak, killing policemen and helping thousands of inmates escape.
They say members of the Brotherhood, Hamas and Hezbollah attacked the prisons to free inmates.
Several Hamas and Hezbollah members were imprisoned in Egyptian jails and escaped during the unrest, but both groups have vehemently denied playing any role in the jail break.
The other defendants include leaders of Mursi’s Muslim Brotherhood, who also escaped from the Wadi al-Natrun prison during the revolt, and prominent Qatar-based cleric Yousef al-Qaradawi, the sources said.
Mursi had been under investigation for the January 28, 2011 prison break along with Brotherhood members.
He is already on trial for allegedly inciting the killings of opposition activists during his one year in power.
And prosecutors said earlier this week he will also stand trial for espionage involving Hamas.
The latest charges underscore the shift in the Islamists’ fortune following Mursi’s overthrow.
Egypt’s first democratically elected president, Mursi quickly alienated his secular opposition, the police and the military, which overthrew him in July after millions rallied across the country demanding his resignation.
Mursi himself had given a telephone interview to a television station shortly after he escaped, saying the guards had left and the inmates walked out of their cells.
He and other Muslim Brotherhood leaders had been rounded up on the morning of January 28, after the Islamists said they would join protests against Mubarak.
The uprising forced the hated interior ministry to withdraw from the streets, and Mubarak resigned on February 11 after three decades in power and handed the reins to the military.
Mubarak, his interior minister and top police commanders were put on trial for the killings of protesters during the uprising. Their defense blamed the violence on the Brotherhood, Hamas and Hezbollah.
Since Mursi’s ouster, more than 1,000 people, mostly Islamists, have been killed by police during sit-ins and protests. Thousands others have been imprisoned.
Mursi’s supporters continue near daily protests demanding his reinstatement, while the military battles an insurgency in the Sinai peninsula that has killed dozens of soldiers and policemen since Mursi’s overthrow.
Meanwhile, courts this week dismissed corruption charges against Ahmed Shafiq, Mursi’s rival in the 2012 election. A prime minister under Mubarak, he fled the country after narrowly losing to the Islamist.
Shafiq will not stand in presidential elections scheduled for next year if military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, widely popular for toppling Mursi, declares his candidacy.